Newly released documents on weapons recovered in Afghanistan

Documents: Arms caches seized in Afghanistan, April through June 2011

Source: U.S. Department of Defense RPG_markings

Publication Dates: See below

Notes: As part ongoing efforts to better understand the weapons acquired and used by armed groups and other unauthorized end-users, Small Arms Surve submitted a request to US Central Command (CENTCOM) for documents and photos of arms caches recovered in Afghanistan from April through June 2011. In respoRPG_launchernse to this request, CENTCOM provided the following storyboards (succinct summaries of cache seizures and other events).  Many of the documents include photos of the markings on one or more of the seized items. The items consist primarily of older generation Chinese and Soviet-designed small arms, light weapons, and ammunition, along with large quantities of IED components and explosives. The items are consistent with those recovered from caches previously studied by Small Arms Survey. 

The documents were obtained under the US Freedom of Information Act. They are posted as received from the responding agency. For more data and information on illicit weapons in Afghanistan, see the links at the bottom of the post.

1) ERW – Weapons Cache, Kandahar, 2 April 2011. Items: Recoilless rifle rounds, rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) rounds and components, hand grenades, small arms ammunition. Includes photos of markings.

2) Cache – Complex Cache, Helmand, 3 June 2011. Items: Artillery rocket, landmine, IED components, explosives, small arms ammunition. Continue reading “Newly released documents on weapons recovered in Afghanistan”

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Newly released documents on weapons recovered in Afghanistan

The Conventional Weapons Threat to Land Forces in Afghanistan

Document: The_Conventional_Weapons_Threat_to_Land_Forces_in_Afghanistan-U

Source: UK Defence Intelligence StaffUK_Afghanistan_rpt

Publication Date: 27 December 2012

Notes: Obtained by Small Arms Survey under the UK Freedom of Information Act. Posted as received from the responding agency.

Full Document

For more information on small arms and light weapons acquired by armed groups in Afghanistan, see

1) ‘Surveying the Battlefield: Illicit Arms In Afghanistan, Iraq, and Somalia’ in Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.

2) UK Defence Intelligence Threat Statement on Insurgent weapons in Afghanistan

3) Small Arms Ammunition Identification Guide for Iraq and Afghanistan

4) Weapons seized by British Forces in Afghanistan

The Conventional Weapons Threat to Land Forces in Afghanistan

Small Arms Used by Anti-coalition Insurgency in Iraq

Document: Iraq: UPDATE – Small Arms (Infantry Weapons) Used by the Anti-Coalition InsurgencyIraq_seized_cache_Oct_07

Source: U.S. Army National Ground Intelligence Center

Publication Date: 17 December 2004

Notes: Obtained by Small Arms Survey under the US Freedom of Information Act. Posted as received from the responding agency.

Full Document

For more information on small arms and light weapons acquired by armed groups in iraq, see ‘Surveying the Battlefield: Illicit Arms In Afghanistan, Iraq, and Somalia’ in Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets. Oxford University Press.

Photo: weapons cache found in a vacant house in Iraq, 28 October 2007

Small Arms Used by Anti-coalition Insurgency in Iraq

Insurgent innovation: Air-to-ground rockets as improvised rocket-propelled grenades

Document: Iraq: Use of Air to Ground Rockets as Improvised RPGs Grows

Source: U.S. Army National Ground Intelligence Center

Publication Date: 14 July 2004
S5_launcher_1

Notes: Obtained by Small Arms Survey under the US Freedom of Information Act. Posted as received from the responding agency.

Full Document

For more information on air-to-ground rockets fired from improvised launchers, see Rogue Rocketeers: Artillery Rockets and Armed Groups, Small Arms Survey Working Paper 19 and Improvised Employment of S-5 Air-to-Surface Rockets in Land Warfare: A brief history and technical appraisal, ARES Research Report No. 1.

Below are higher quality color copies of photos used in the NGIC report (acquired from the US Defense Department via FOIA):

S5_launcher_3 Continue reading “Insurgent innovation: Air-to-ground rockets as improvised rocket-propelled grenades”

Insurgent innovation: Air-to-ground rockets as improvised rocket-propelled grenades

Small Arms and RPGs Produced in Iran

Document Name: Identifying_Small_Arms_and_RPGs_Produced_in_IranIdentifying_Small_Arms_and_RPGs_Produced_in_Iran

Source: US Army’s National Ground Intelligence Center

Publication Date: 29 November 2004

Notes: Obtained by Small Arms Survey and the Federation of American Scientists under the US Freedom of Information Act.

Contents:

Weapons and ammunition (as written in the report):

  • Rifles: KL series, G3 series
  • Rocket-propelled grenade launcher: RPG-7 variant
  • Rocket-propelled grenades: NADER, NAFEZ, SAEGHEH, and TANDEM
Small Arms and RPGs Produced in Iran

UK Defence Intelligence Threat Statement on Insurgent weapons in Afghanistan

 The_Insurgent_Weapons_Arsenal_Afghanistan_coverDocument Name: Defence Intelligence Threat Statement: The Insurgent Weapons Arsenal (Afghanistan)

Source: UK Defence Intelligence Staff

Publication Date: 2 December 2010

Notes: Obtained under the UK Freedom of Information Act. Document obtained in electronic form. Posted as received from the responding agency.

Contents:

Full Report

SECTION 1 – PISTOLS – page 3
SECTION 2 – RIFLES – page 5
SECTION 3 – SUB MACHINE GUNS – page 10
SECTION 4 – LIGHT MACHINE GUNS – page 12
SECTION 5 – GENERAL PURPOSE MACHINE GUNS – page 14
SECTION 6 – HEAVY MACHINE GUNS – page 16
SECTION 7 – SNIPER AND ANTI-MATERIAL RIFLES – page 18
SECTION 8 – RECOILLESS RIFLES – page 20
SECTION 9 – GRENADE LAUNCHERS – page 23
SECTION 10 – ROCKET PROPELLED GRENADES – page 24
SECTION 11 – THERMOBARIC WEAPONS – page 29
SECTION 12 – ANTI TANK GUIDED MISSILES – page 30
SECTION 13 – GRENADES – page 35
SECTION 14 – MORTARS – page 37
SECTION 15 – ROCKETS – page 39
SECTION 16 – LANDMINES – page 40
SECTION 17 – ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY – page 49
SECTION 18 – MAN PORTABLE AIR DEFENCE – page 51
SECTION 19 – NIGHT VISION DEVICES – page 54

UK Defence Intelligence Threat Statement on Insurgent weapons in Afghanistan

Weapons recognition guide – US Defense Intelligence Agency

Document Name: Small Arms/Light Weapons and MANPADS Recognition and Inventory Guide

40mm_propelled_grenade_rounds1

Source: US Defense Intelligence Agency

Publication Date: Unknown

Release Date: 4 December 2014

Notes: Obtained under the US Freedom of Information Act. Document obtained in print form. Reproduced electronically as received from the responding agency.

Contents:

Front_matter_1

Front_matter_2

Pistols

Sniper Rifles

Assault Rifles

Machineguns

Light Support Weapons

Factory_Stamp_Identifiers

MANPADS

 

Weapons recognition guide – US Defense Intelligence Agency